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Found 12 results

  1. TLDR; I designed and 3D printed a drone from scratch. Used Phantom 3 STD motors from a crashed phantom, a Mini Pix flight controller, a 4 in 1 ESC, a generic PDB, a FlySky I6S controller and receiver, and a 4S 2000mAh 65C battery, to get the drone in the air, and strapped a WiFi Pineapple to the bottom powering it off the battery with a 5v BEC. I call it the PWN Drone, and hope to use it for pentesting engagements, and to educate the public about the attacks that are out there and how to keep themselves safe. Just sharing my experience, and ideas. Pics to come, when I have time to host them. Website for more info: https://olilenel.wixsite.com/pwndrone Questions, comments, criticisms welcome. A while back I had the idea to create a penetration testing drone. I fired up the google machine and came up with a couple of people who had already delved into this idea. The first one I stumbled on was the danger drone created by bishop fox. I loved the idea, but kept looking. Not long after I found some videos on YouTube by HAK5 and GlytchTec that were more along the lines of what I had in mind. So in August of 2018 I ordered a 3D printer (the Creality CR-10 4S) and began doing some research on how to make a drone like this. I used HAK5 and GlytchTec's drones as inspiration, but wanted a fully custom design, so I got to work with sketchup and began designing a drone that was modeled after the DJI mavic (I liked her curves šŸ˜‰). A couple of weeks later I had a shell, and discovered that I absolutely love 3D printing, especially for designing drones. Its the perfect combination. No more buying parts online if something breaks, just a quick 14 hour print and you have yourself a shiny new part! And the limitation is your imagination (and weight and size considerations). Not to mention the cost, if you don't factor in the $500 3D printer, is considerably less than buying parts. The frame cost me less than $20 to print! Next step, flight components. I needed a flight controller, ESC's (Electronic Speed Controllers), a PDB (Power Distribution Board), a transmitter and receiver, a battery, a GPS, a payload, and a way to power it, screws, glues, the list goes on. Time for some more research. It was at this point that I realized that I had never flown a drone before, and I might need some experience with an established system before I went off and created my own. Time for some eBay shopping! After a week of scouring eBay for a cheap drone to test my flight skills out, I found a DJI Phantom 3 STD for $200 that came with everything I needed to get started. It even came with prop guards, an extra battery and controller, and I thought a camera drone would be a lot of fun, plus I wouldn't need an expensive FPV setup. So I pulled the trigger and bought it. A week later it showed up at my door, and I had it flying within a matter of a couple of hours (batteries had to charge). If you've never flown a drone before, i just have to say, their a lot of fun! I flew it every day for the next week. Every chance I had I was putting it in the air, and by the end of the week I was getting pretty good at maneuvering it around my back yard, around an obstacle course I set up to get my flight skills up to par. I even began working on getting some good angles and shots with the camera mounted on the Phantom. I live by a large lake with some beautiful sunsets. At the end of the week against my better judgement, I decided to take the drone to the lake to try and get some video of a beautiful peninsula that sticks out into the water, with a beautiful sunset as a backdrop. The scene was ideal, the wind not so much. But it wasn't going to stop me. I took the phantom out for a test flight, and it seemed to deal with the wind just fine. Time to work on some sick drone shots. I launched the phantom from the beach and slowly began moving towards the peninsula, and was super excited, the video looked gorgeous! I was flying the phantom close to the peninsula with the camera slowly panning left and it opened up to the sunset as the drone was flying along the edge of the peninsula. I was in deep concentration at this point, flying it completely from the camera view on my phone (Bad Idea). As I neared the end of the peninsula, the wind picked up and blew my new phantom into the trees at the edge of the peninsula, at which point my phantom decided it had had enough of the flying, and wanted to become a submarine šŸ˜¢. After recovering my poor phantom from about 10 feet of water, the lights were still blinking, and I knew she was toast. The cool thing about drone motors is that they don't really mind being submerged in fresh water. I lost $200 and a drone, but now I had some motors for my PWN Drone. Ya gotta look on the bright side. This shaped the components I was going to use to make my 3D printed shell. I looked up the specs of the DJI Phantom 3 STD and found out that the motors use 20A ESC's. Not bad. I then found the PIX hawk, a flight controller with some pretty sweet features like: autonomous flight, plug and play design, and a pretty simple setup process. But the PIX hawk was way to big for the frame. I played around with the idea of a DJI NAZA-M but they are pretty pricey. It wasn't long after I found the baby brother of the PIX hawk, the aptly named Mini Pix. It had all of the same features of the PIX hawk but was much smaller. Perfect. It also cost considerably less than the DJI NAZA-M. I found the cheapest place to get these was good old BangGood.com. This is what decided a lot of the other missing components. The Mini Pix came with a PDB, I found a 4 in 1 20A ESC that was the same form factor as the Mini Pix, and decided on the FlySky I6S controller transmitter bundle, added two 4S 2000 mAh 65C batteries with a cheap charger, and found a compatible radiolink GPS designed for the Mini Pix. This was essentially all that I needed to get the drone in the air. BangGood is great for pricing but most of the components ship from china and take around 2 weeks. So I had 2 weeks of waiting to do, and decided this would be a good time to figure out my payload design. My original plan was to use the cheap $10 raspberry pi zero and load kali on it to launch some wireless attacks from the drone. With my new found 3D printing skills I put together a payload case, and a carrier so that it could be switched out for another Pi Zero W, so that i could hot swap payloads. I had a Pi Zero W laying around with a male USB hat, and found a sweet kali distro created by mame82 called P4wnP1 that did exactly what I was looking for out of the payload. At this point the parts began to arrive from china, and I put aside the payload, and began work on the flight components. I soon realized that even with the smaller components that I ordered ,all of the parts, especially the battery, were not going to fit in the frame I designed. My solution.... print it 15% bigger. This was a process as I had to scale all of the parts. Sounds easy but I already had the screws and didn't want to order more, so I had to go into every file and reduce all of the screw holes by 15%, then scale the parts up 15%, then test print every one. This took me a couple of days between school work, but the finished design came out better than I expected. All of the parts fit nicely and the project was coming along. For a while I had been following HAK5 on YouTube, and had quickly fallen in love with the WiFi Pineapple Nano. I finally had a good paying job and was making enough money that I was ready to commit and buy one. Even after all of the work I had put into the raspberry pi payload, I even gave it a name (PiLoad) and had a couple of versions, I think I was up to PiLoad v3.0, I wanted to strap the Pineapple to this drone. I found operating the Pineapple to be much easier than setting up the P4wnP1, and it was all around more capable. I could do scans of the wifi landscape, de-auth targets from networks, so that they would connect to mine, not to mention I could use the web interface to do this all in real time as I was flying the drone in auto level mode. One problem I had not yet gotten to was powering the payload. With the 15% increase in size and the larger payload I already knew I didn't want to add another battery, and the PDB didn't offer a 5v output, so I ordered some 5v BEC's powered them off of the PDB, wired them to a female USB cable and voila, 5v regulated power for any payload! At this point the drone was close to being complete. I used the 9" props from the phantom as they would have enough lift to pick up this monster that was nearing the size of the phantom. At last time to see if this thing flies! I paired the controller and receiver, set up the Mini Pix with the mission planner software, and took it out for a test flight. As a software developer I can wholeheartedly say that I have never had anything work on its first try, but the demo gods were looking out for me that day, and miraculously the thing flew! I still have to calibrate the flight controller, because there is some noticeable drift with the Pineapple strapped to the bottom, but I cant ask for much more. I soon plan on adding a Pi cam with a Pi Zero to get FPV footage streamed to my laptop, and take this thing out to do some mock engagements. I hope this drone can be used in pentests in the future, but I also hope to use it to educate the public of the dangers of MITM, and Karma attacks. Whenever explain the capabilities of the Pineapple to everyday people, they always tell me how scary that is, and ask how to prevent being PWN'd. I think this could be a great educational tool to inform the public of the attacks out there and how to keep their devices safe. Im sure I missed something, and am happy to fill in the blanks. I just wanted to share my experience, and some of my ideas, and welcome any questions, comments, or criticisms. I have many pictures of the process, but none of them are hosted as of today. I do however have a wix page up with some more details, and plan on getting my pictures hosted when I get the time. If you want to check out the website the URL is https://olilenel.wixsite.com/pwndrone
  2. biob

    DJI flight logs

    Anyone been able to decode DJI Mavic air flight logs, exported using Assistant 2? Files compressed with zlib. Decompression shows some plain text, but a lot of random symbols etc
  3. I work for an insurance company that's trying to keep adjusters from falling off of buildings by looking at the feasibility of using drones to map roof claims. As a proof of concept, my boss bought a $1500 DJI Phantom 4 Pro. He's asked me to look into building drones as a feasible way to keep costs down. I've been researching it, but I keep coming against conflicting data. I was looking at using the following list as a preliminary build, and kept seeing people who have a similar build saying that everything works great and that it flies beautifully. But when I run the math (using a SWAG for the mass of some of the items), it's a bumblebee. It's too heavy to fly, it will only fly for maybe 6-8 minutes, etc. I'll grant that I'm looking at doing some things that probably haven't really been done as much in home builds of aerial photography drones, but I need to beat a Phantom 4 in price and ability if possible, which is no mean feat. My Preliminary Parts List (All Multiples for Redundancy): Flight System 1x S550 F550 Upgrade Hexacopter Fuselage Frame Kit PCB w/Carbon Fiber Landing Gear 3x Crazepony 4pcs Emax Mt2213 935kv Brushless Motor with Orignal 1045 Propller for DJI F450 F550 Quad Hex Octo Copter 2CW 2CCW 3x Makerfire 4pcs BLHeli_S 30A ESC OPTO Electronic Speed Controller 3-6S Brushless for FPV Multicopter Quadcopter 2x APM2.8 ArduPilot Flight Controller+6M GPS+915Mhz Telemetry+ Power Module RC150 6x MB1010 LV-MaxSonar-EZ1 Range Finder (I'm not sure about this one. For the way that we want to use it, it really needs a collision detection system, and I've found posts of ymmv results with ultrasonic sonar. I'm open to suggestions as long as it's not too crazily expensive.) 3x Venom 20C 3S 5400mAh 11.1V LiPo Battery for DJI Flame Wheel F550 RC Hexacopter (This is one that I saw suggested for the size and typical weight of the materials used. Payload 1x Quanum FY Mini 3D PROS 3 Axis Gimbal - GoPro Hero4 Session Compatible 1x GoPro HERO Session And here's my basic guesstimate on weight: Frame: 550g Motors: 330g ESCs: 46g Flight Controller/Avionics: ~120g (Can't find exact weights for all components included in the flight controller package) Battery: 450g Gimbal: 167g Sensors (NOT INCLUDING MOUNTING HARDWARE): 42g (Figure mounting hardware will be plastic, and probably pretty light.) GoPro Session: 74g Estimated GTOW: 1611g or just about 3.5 lbs. Any and all help is appreciated. If there's something I'm missing, feel free to let me know.
  4. According to an article on Forbes the information loaded into the FAA drone registry database will be searchable by the public. Yet another reason to not register your multirotor with the FAA. As many have pointed out, even Darren on Threatwire, if anyone has your registration number they can simply affix it to their multirotor and perform nefarious acts leading the authorities straight to you. It's becoming more obvious by the day just how little thought was put into this program.
  5. Students and researchers from Rutgers University built a quadcopter that flies and swims! This technology is pretty cool and would probably make people feel more calm when flying over water.
  6. You may remember my last project where I upgraded a few components on my DJI FlameWheel F450. I didn't really know a whole lot about multirotors then as I simply bought pieces to a very common build and followed a video to put them together. Now, after much research, I have a little more knowledge about how all of the components work. For my next build I've decided to go with the HK Alien 560 frame as I want something I can fold up and easily place in a bag. The components I will use are: APM 2.6+ Autopilot 3DR uBlox GPS with Compass RX701 7CH Receiver HK Alien 560 Carbon Fiber Folding Afro ESC 30A x4 Turnigy Multistar 2814-700kV motors x4 I still don't know which props I will use. I was hoping to use my extra set of Graupner 10x5 eprops but this frame requires 11"-12" props. So far I have purchased the frame, ESCs, and 7CH receiver. Since I have no use for the receiver yet I figured I would use it in another project. One of my buddies recently bought a small chassis and SainSmart motor shield to build a car that could be controlled through his Arduino Uno. All of my Arduino experience in the past has been on the networking and LED side as you guys may remember this messaging project. So I figured I could learn something about controlling motors with Arduino and helped him build it. After seeing how simple it was I bought my own kit and figured I would try to get it to work with my DEVO7 and the new receiver for my HK Alien 560. This morning I got it to work but it can only use one channel from the transmitter because the motor shield uses digital pin 3 for motor 2. Digital pins 2 and 3 are the only hardware interrupts on the Uno which are used for receiving signals from different channels. I used the following library to receive input from the TX/RX (https://github.com/helscream/RC_Rx_Arduino_Mega/tree/master/RC_Rx_header_example). This library was developed for the Mega which has 6 hardware interrupt pins. I've been thinking about building an incredibly crude quadcopter with an Arduino and now I realize the Mega is the only way to do this properly because you need at least 4 channels for full control (pitch, roll, yaw, throttle). Oh yeah, for power I'm using my Pineapple Juice 6800, lol. The kit came with a 4 AA battery holder but that only provides 6V causing the car to move way too slow. Once I added the 12V Pineapple Juice pack it started running a lot faster. Anyway here is my code using the rc_rx and AFMotor libraries: And here is a video: I'll make sure to keep this thread updated as I move forward with my HK Alien 560 build.
  7. Hey Hak5 community, I am selling a DJI S900 Hexacopter with most of the equipment needed to do professional aerial photography or just to fly for fun. Comes with a Pelican 0370 case with foam and a bunch of extras Setup with a Zenmuse Gimbal for the Sony Nex5 Has FPV Equipment and ready to fly with two 16,000mah batteries. This would make a monster pentesting platform to carry lots of hacker gear Let me know if your interested.
  8. Garda


    Hi, Does anyone have any experience with these? I have been told that it's a good idea to get a cheaper ~$50 one to practice my piloting. I expect that I will probably be terrible and crash it often. Is it as fun as I imagine it will be?
  9. Here in Balkans everything is politics, even DRONES! :) I guess stunts like this will get drones banned really soon. :( https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hJSQf737Agw And for some more context:
  10. Not sure how I missed this one. Looks pretty neat, and supposed to get up to 20 minutes of flight time even with a GoPro attached, but can hold other payloads. GPS waypoints, and follow me mode sounds pretty cool as well. Was a kickstarted, and they claim to have made it hackable, but does not look open source like our friends. Great ideas, even with the FAA crackdown it will be interesting to see what this all goes. https://www.thepocketdrone.com/store/checkout?cart=53fac793285fd
  11. I was looking on reddit and found little tidbit. I wonder if they head about the pineapple and got the same idea that darren and the gang did. http://money.cnn.com/2014/03/20/technology/security/drone-phone/
  12. OK, so I just found a new reason to try to unbrick my Mark IV and flash it. On another hacking website they had an article about some $350 drone with a WiFi radio. Last year someone gave me one of those little drone helicopters you can fly with your smartphone. It only cost like $79 at Radio Shack (you can probably beat this deal) and it comes with a replacement plan. I'm thinking we should strap try strapping a Mk 4+battery pack on to a drone and do some "Wi-Flying". No more walking right into the lion's den looking all awkward as you clumsily try to plug-in and/or hide your strange-looking device with the antenna and all that. Just get within eyesight -- or within radio signal distance if you have a camera on your drone -- and fly it into enemy territory, capturing data all the while. If you got good with it then you could fly it up the side of a tall building and land on a windowsill, capture some packets for an hour and fly it back down! :) OK I completely realize that this probably has limited sane usefulness for us and the windowsill part may be a bit on the optimistic side, but wouldn't it be cool to help pioneer the capability? Has anyone here done it and if so is there any video, because I'd love to see it? I could totally see the FBI and CIA lurking around reading about this, then deciding to rip us off and make a $500,000 version LOL
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